In Afghanistan whenever Hazaras start a resistance movement or express their grievances about the ongoing systemic discrimination they endure, they are quickly undermined by politically dominant groups like Pashtuns and Afghan nationalists and labelled as “Iranian Agents” or “Nokar e Iran”. This is a commonly used label against Hazaras and other non-Pashtun ethnic groups, to further suppress these groups.
If we look at the recent history of Afghanistan, going back to the Soviet occupation and then the Civil War in the 90s, when Hazaras demanded for their equal share of power they were quickly dismissed as an Iranian conspiracy. “Since the 1978 Iranian revolution when Wilayat Faqih, a Shiite theocratic state, took power in that country, the Hazara Shiites in Afghanistan are seen as pawns and puppets of the Iranian government.” Hazaras are told to be quiet and stop undermining the national interest in favour of a foreign agenda.
These are baseless claims and stereotypes to further alienate and silence Hazaras and make them more vulnerable to attacks and further discrimination. As we are all aware, Hazaras have been left with no choice but to arm themselves in the highlands (Hazarajat) against Taliban and Kuchi aggressions. This is due to government negligence and the failure to provide security and protection for Hazaras despite continuous voicing of their concerns and demanding security from the central government.
However, many Afghan politicians and Afghan media outlets have sought to undermine and vilify this group and Hazaras for their support of Ali Pour and his men. “The Alipour phenomenon is nothing but a symptom of failure to secure the highway between Kabul and Behsud, where hundreds of Hazaras have been killed by the Taliban. Alipour and his men have stopped the Taliban’s advances into Behsud and Bamiyan, filling in the gap left by the government. Apparently, for the Afghanistan government, the enemy of its enemy is also its enemy.”
So what solution does the Hazara community really have? Whether they take up arms or start a civil movement such as the “Enlightenment Movement” their movements are always undermined as a foreign conspiracy.